Bourdon tube pressure gauge ? operating principle

Bourdon tube pressure gauges will be the most frequently used mechanical pressure measuring instruments. Scandal is often known as a Bourdon tube: The French engineer Eug�ne Bourdon made use of this functional principle in the middle of the 19th century. It is predicated on an elastic spring, a c-shaped, bent tube with an oval cross-section.
The effect of pressure on a Bourdon tube
Once the internal space of the Bourdon tube is pressurised, the cross-section is thus altered towards a circular shape. The hoop stresses that are created in this technique raise the radius of the c-shaped tube. Therefore, the finish of the tube moves by around several millimetres. This deflection is a way of measuring the pressure. It is transferred to a movement, which turns the linear deflection into a rotary movement and, via a pointer, makes this visible on a scale.
Sublime
With the c-shaped bent Bourdon tubes, pressures around 60 bar can be displayed. For higher pressures, helical or spiral-type Bourdon tubes are employed. With respect to the geometry, material and material thickness, pressures up to 7,000 bar can be realised. Based on the requirement, the pressure elements are constructed with copper alloys, stainless steels or special materials such as for example Monel.
Note
Further information on Bourdon tube pressure gauges can be found on the WIKA website.

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