Pressure sensor with I�C communication ? possibilities and boundary conditions

I�C was designed to communicate over short distances between printed circuit boards and is a simple, 8-bit serial data bus. For the time being, it is not only PCB-mountable pressure sensors that use the I�C signal for data transfer, but also pressure sensors remote from customer electronics.
Remote sensors will often have the advantage of being less sensitive to contaminated or aggressive media and being able to measure directly at the procedure. Regarding sensors mounted on the circuit board, the sensor element is, oftentimes, exposed right to the medium. With remote sensors, steel or ceramic generally serve as the wetted surface.
I�C circuit
The I�C bus, alongside the two supply lines, requires only two further lines:
SCL (serial clock line)
SDA (serial data line)
Additional possibilities through I�C
The I�C bus is really a well-known standard in electronics, offering additional possibilities for communication with a pressure sensor than having an analogue signal:
In the data protocol, in addition to the pressure value, a temperature value and diagnostic information (for example an integrity test of the data transfer) could be transmitted with a status byte.
Several pressure sensors could be connected to a bus line as ?slaves? to the client electronics that functions as a ? Scarce ?.
On the client side, as opposed to the application of pressure sensors with analogue signals, the analogue-to-digital conversion of the pressure value for further signal processing is unnecessary since the pressure value is already within digital form. This plays a part in faster and easier signal processing.
The electronics for communication could be constructed with standard components readily available on the market.
Often, I�C signal pressure sensors are also optimised to take less energy, making them ideal for battery-powered applications. In the WIKA portfolio, for instance, this applies to the MPR-1 pressure sensor module.
Boundary conditions by using I�C
Since I�C isn’t a fieldbus, long wire lengths are not recommended. The maximum wire length depends, in detail, on the operating environment and the corresponding disturbing influences. I�C communication is most beneficial used in projects where in fact the pressure sensor or the pressure sensor module is integrated into the customer product and therefore protected against external influences. It should also be noted that with any digitally processed signal, the response time because of discrete-time sampling will undoubtedly be somewhat slower than for an analogue, continuous signal.
Note
Your contact person will undoubtedly be happy to help you with any further questions on digital interfaces.
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